How does a single cell teach itself to think?

Some people ask the question

How does a rock teach itself to think?


  • Peter M Clarke And who gave the scientists the brain to do this? How does a rock teach itself to think?
    Find support or report comment


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This kind of question, is a question to do with Abiogenesis  


Abiogenesis, or informally the origin of life,[3][4][5][a] is the natural process by which life has arisen from non-living matter, such as simple organic compounds.[6][4][7][8] While the details of this process are still unknown, the prevailing scientific hypothesis is that the transition from non-living to living entities was not a single event, but an evolutionary process of increasing complexity that involved molecular self-replicationself-assemblyautocatalysis, and the emergence of cell membranes.[9][10][11] Although the occurrence of abiogenesis is uncontroversial among scientists, its possible mechanisms are poorly understood. There are several principles and hypotheses for how abiogenesis could have occurred.[12]

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For someone to pose the question does a rock teach itself to think?,

in a way, is a similar type question to someone who might otherwise ask, does a single cell teach itself to think?

Humans lives, will all start off as only a single cell. Then the cell from the women, and the man, will combine together so as to begin to create a multi-cellular organism


Living organisms are made up of cells

The first characteristic of a living thing is that they are made up of cells. A cell is the basic building block of all organisms. It is the smallest unit of organization in a living thing. They contain the organism’s hereditary information (DNA) and can make copies of themselves in a process called 

Cells are made up of a nucleus and a cytoplasm, enclosed by a thin wall called a membrane, which separates it from its surroundings. Plant cells have a nucleus, cytoplasm, and a cell membrane too. The main difference between a plant and an animal cell is that plant cells have a vacuole, chloroplast, and a cell wall.

Here is an illustration of an animal and a plant cell.
difference in plant and animal cell

Some microorganisms are made up of only one cell, whiles other bigger organisms such as an ant or a lion are made up of millions of different cells.

What is a unicellular organismUnicellular organism:
An organism with only one cell is called a unicellular organism. Unicellular organisms can be complex too, even though they are simply a one-cell organism. They include bacteria, yeast, amoeba, and paramecia.

What is a multicellular organismMulticellular organism:
These are organisms that are made up of more than one cell. These organisms have very clear cell structures, with many cell types performing different specialized functions. For example, blood cells only specialize in blood production, and hair cells only specialize in hair growth and repair. They do not mix up. In a multicellular organism, the organization of the cells is very important.

Here is an illustration of cell organization:

cell organization
A group of cells can form a tissue—A group of tissues can make up an organ (such as lung) —A set or organs can make up a system (such as a respiratory system)—and the systems can make up the organism.

All the cells that make up the organism have an important role to play for the organism to perform its life functions.

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Does a cell teach itself to think? 

Well no not quite. Not in the strict sense of the word anyway. A cell, doesn’t “have a brain” or a mind of its own or anything like that . A cell is biochemistry 

So conception of the human zygote involves biochemistry. When two single cells combine so as to then become a multi-cellular structure   

But at that time those cells, don’t yet have a brain. Not until later on after the cell have multiplied so as to begin to form, tissue and organs and then the complete human bodies system (just like whats shown/described in the first earlier diagram further above) 

So ,cells don’t teach themselves to think (in the normal sense of the word), anymore than what a “lump of space rock”, would do either

Those material at that stage, are chemicals. That’s about all they are

Because, its the “chemical reactions” ,what make up the cells and so on, of what take place that lead to then help create all the different organs, including the brain. The brain that then and only then can help the beings to “begin to think”, and “to teach”

So its like chain reaction that happens. The chemical start off as material of (like even a space rock) what’s “unable to think” , and then combine together to finally create something of what in the end result, might sometimes then be able “to think” and “to-teach” itself thing

The space rock, (that the theists describe) is only acting like the pay-loads of chemicals , of what were to finally end up on planet earth

However, because of the way that the theist are intent on helping confuse the youth, therefore they’ll have need to simplize these  things so as to say these-confusing things like “how does a rock teach itself to think?”

Saying it as if this would be something of what the scientist were unable to understand

And of course, children are easily misled by that kind of discussion.I remember how i  were confused by these discussion too. The children they’ll swallow the bait,hook line and sinker, and be left wondering how in a hell “a rock” might ” ever teach itself to think”

Which is not what had to happen. It was not something what would need to happen either. Because , there is a different far-longer far more detailed process, that actually takes place

Than what it would be for a rock to suddenly straight away, move to begin thinking and teaching

There is a whole heap of chemical reaction that take place+ evolution (which takes-up mega time)

Sad thing that theist would need to remain “so intent” on misleading people

Isn’t it?

To say “how does a rock teach itself to think?”

In the simplistic sense,at face value,it sounds totally absurd .Doesn’t it?. Like, children would think, how in the hell could anyone believe that a rock might suddenly begin to think and to teach

A rock?

No way

But then, its the “chemical pay load”, contained within the rocks of what were bombarding planet earth. That there can create chemical reaction. This is what with the theory of Abiogenesis

And its not speedy quick process.Its not. It would require mega time

I’m not sure why theist will be keen on misleading people?. Who knows why. But if you ask me i’d say that it sure seem to be a common theme within theism. To act in way to mislead people. Whether by intention,or not.And anyway even the Brethren are fairly keen to also include misinformation . They’ll  quite happily mislead people too

Does a cell think for itself?

No, not in that strict sense of the word. They don’t. Single cells generally don’t “ever think” for themselves


In an individual cell, there is no brain. But single cells must still“make decisions”. They must “react“to the changing environment around them; engage in growth and cell division, and many of processes. On the cellular scale, these processes are mostly mediated by feedback loops– that is, chains of chemical events that either reinforce that chain of events happening again, or that die off when a critical threshold is released.

For example, if a lake water bacteria has a protein on its surface that detects food (sugar), then it might set of a range of chemical reactions in the cell that cause the cell to move in the direction of the food. Once it reaches the food, that sensor protein won’t sense food in that direction anymore, and will stop the chain of chemical reactions, so the cell will stop and can eat the food it found. That reaction is very simple, but as you add up the thousands of proteins and chains of signaling events within a cell, quite complex behavior can start to appear. This is a phenomenon called “emergent behavior”, and is also seen in the patterns that emerge in traffic, or the complexities that can emerge from a simple set of rules (like all the billions of possible games of chess, even though the rules are very simple).

Within each cell this complex set of interacting chains of simple chemical reactions controls cell behavior. When we form multicellular creatures, like humans, the cells send signals between each other and some cells specialize in signaling, becoming nerve cells. This makes the map of chemical interactions incredibly more complex and intricate, and allows the formation of higher-order emergent behavior, such as brain activity and thought.


end quote (my bold)

Single cells (that are without a brain) may “still react” within chemical reaction

“Reacting” is in a sense still kind of like being an early “undeveloped” form “of thinking”

Chemical may react. Therefore it could still even seem as if they might of been “thinking” (for themselves) . And yet, its merely no more than being a chemical reaction, that happens

But the space rock (IE:the one that theists mention and mislead people with) can be considered as being like “the carrier” of a pay load of chemical material

I don’t fully understand any of it. But i still find it to be a totally interesting subject to think about.As young member of the Brethren, there’d be older Brethren who’d be heard to propose similar kind of question, when they were around us as well too,

“how does a rock teach itself to think?”

Haaaa haa haaa hee hee. Stupid atheists. How could they not believe in God. How stupid to think a space rock would “some how” come alive

And yet

Even their own scripture is known to discuss about “a God”, of what had evidently been able to create the human “from the-dirt” (or whatever)

So it would seem?

And yet

The theist could easily be able to believe in a-creation of what had happen, from the-Gods use-of the dirt. But then, “most definitely not” if and when its being said to be created “from a space rock”


Whats the huge great massive difference between that then ?

As far as i’m aware, even our regular soil, here on earth, is more or less all made of star dust too. Plenty of it might have once even been in the form of “rock” too, whenever it first entered the earths atmosphere 

Rock end up as dirt, once its been ground up or been blown apart

Did God separate the rock from dirt then?

How is it even possible anyway?

To be fair, i have a feeling that maybe the biggest problem is been that generally children who are being born to parents who would have been steeped in religious background. Will generally be misled. Because of the way what the misinformation is easily being passed on along, continually, from one generation unto the next generation. With elders misleading the-children. And so on and so on

This is why we will hear some people say, that science and religion isn’t at odds with one and other. Only remain at odds, if it would be fundamentalist type religion. Because when all said and done

What really is the huge great difference between the thought of “the dirt” being able to begin to

“teach itself to think”

IE: in a rather lengthily round about way (IE: via evolution)

Or the thought that perhaps “a space rock” might have been precursor to what had finally helped to have made up a-part of the material used

Like splitting hairs






About ExEB

I'm a agnostic/atheist . Interested in learning more about science. I also am an "ex-member" of a group most publicly known within modern times, as the Exclusive Brethren. Whom are an off-shoot of the original Plymouth Brethren group. I'd say it likely my personality could possibly be described as quirky.You know ,as in being , unconventional , unorthodox , unusual, off-centre, strange, bizarre, weird, peculiar, odd, freakish, outlandish, offbeat, out of the ordinary, bohemian, alternative, zany I'm sure iv'e been classed as "crazy" . Many times But then, being born into a group like the exclusive brethren. Doesn't lend itself ? to tend to produce things considered as being "very normal" .Does it I escaped the Exclusive Brethren cult as a 15 year old teenager. Even since that time iv'e been trying to adjust to living life outside the cult. With much of my life being lived within the genre of "wild colonial boy" style. In the general sense of a church-rebel picking and choosing from role models who appeared within-life along the way. But as the exclusive brethren cult had traditionally maintained a general church-rule , of need to shun and totally excommunicate any ex member of their group.Treating such people as if they were dead. Thus this situation developed more to do with my need of following traditionally enforced church-rule , as apposed to it being so much about "life-choices". Certain emotional experiences, and parts of life in general, have led to me adopting a sense of low self esteem. Which is a situation i still deal with from time to time. Through my ongoing interest in science. I find i am able to gather more information to help me better understand my situation. Much about life for me, has often seemed like a massive puzzle.With many missing pieces.
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